A Beginner’s Guide to Playing Tennis


Tennis is a fantastic sport that combines athleticism, strategy, and a whole lot of fun. Whether you’re looking to play competitively or just want to enjoy some leisurely rallies with friends, we’ve got you covered.

In this beginner’s guide, we’ll walk you through the basics of tennis, from understanding the rules to mastering essential strokes and even developing a winning strategy.

The Basics of Tennis:

The game that’s all about hitting that ball over the net and into your opponent’s side of the court. The goal is to score points and outplay your opponent.

Scoring system:

Now, the scoring system might seem a bit strange at first, but don’t worry, it’s not too complicated. Instead of using numbers like 1, 2, and 3, we’ve got some unique terms.

We start with “love” (which means zero), then it goes to 15, then 30, and finally 40. If both players or teams reach 40, we call it “deuce.” From deuce, you need to win two consecutive points to win the game.


You’ve got a rectangular-shaped court divided by a net. On each side, there’s a baseline, which is the farthest line from the net. The service boxes are the areas where you serve the ball, and the net sits right in the middle, dividing the court into two halves.

Essential Equipment:

Tennis racket:

First up, you’ll need a tennis racket. Think of it as your trusty tool for hitting the ball. Rackets come in different sizes, shapes, and weights, so make sure to choose one that feels comfortable and suits your playing style.

You can borrow one from a friend or find an affordable option at a sports store.

Tennis balls:

Next, you can’t forget the tennis balls! These little yellow fuzzy orbs are what you’ll be smacking around the court. It’s always a good idea to have a few extra ones on hand because balls tend to get lost during intense rallies.

Tennis shoes:

A good pair of tennis shoes is essential for support and traction on the court. Look for shoes specifically designed for tennis to ensure you have the right grip and stability.

Comfort is key here, so find a pair that fits well and keeps your feet happy during those quick movements.

You can also consider getting some comfortable sportswear, a sweatband to keep the sweat at bay, and maybe even a tennis bag to carry your gear.

Learning the Strokes:


This is when you swing your racket and hit the ball with the palm of your hand facing the net. It’s like giving the ball a good, solid high-five.

Remember to keep your eye on the ball and follow through with your swing for maximum power.


This is when you hit the ball with the opposite side of your racket hand. It can be a bit trickier, but with practice, you’ll get the hang of it.

Keep your arm nice and steady, and don’t forget to rotate your hips and shoulders for that extra oomph!


The serve is how you start the game and get that ball into play. Stand behind the baseline, toss the ball up in the air, and swing your racket to hit it diagonally into the opposite service box.

Make sure to aim for accuracy and add some power to keep your opponent on their toes.


It’s when you hit the ball in the air before it bounces on the ground. Usually, this happens when you’re close to the net.

Keep your racket out in front of you, and try to time your shots to intercept the ball mid-air.

Overhead smash:

Imagine a ball high up in the air, and you want to bring the hammer down on it. That’s the overhead smash! Jump up, swing your racket with force, and send that ball flying back to the other side. It’s a powerful move that can really intimidate your opponent.

Take some time to work on each stroke, start slow, and gradually build up your speed and accuracy. Before you know it, you’ll be hitting those shots like a true tennis champ!

Mastering the Footwork:

  • Stay light on your feet. Think of yourself as a nimble dancer on the court.
  • Stay on the balls of your feet and be ready to move in any direction. This way, you’ll be able to quickly react to your opponent’s shots and get to the ball with ease.
  • When your opponent hits the ball, it’s time to do the split step. This is a little hop where you land with your feet slightly apart right before your opponent makes contact with the ball.
  • When you move sideways along the baseline to position yourself for the shot, Keep your feet moving, take small steps, and stay light on your toes. The side shuffle allows you to cover ground efficiently and get to those hard-to-reach shots.
  • When you need to change direction quickly, use the crossover step. Imagine you’re crossing one foot over the other while moving toward the ball.
  • Remember to always face the net and keep your body squared up to where you want to hit the ball. This allows you to generate more power and control in your shots.

Understanding Tennis Strategy:

Don’t want to hit the ball randomly and hope for the best. Instead, think strategically about where you want to place your shots. Aim for the open spaces on the court, away from your opponent. Hit those corners or go for the lines to make it harder for them to reach the ball.

Court positioning is another important aspect of strategy. You want to be in the right place at the right time. Move yourself around the court to be in the best position to hit your shots and cover the court effectively.

When you’re on the offensive, you want to be the one controlling the point. Be aggressive, hit powerful shots, and put pressure on your opponent. Aim to take control of the rally and dictate the pace of the game.

When you’re on the defensive, it’s all about staying on the point and waiting for the right opportunity to strike. Focus on getting the ball back over the net and try to keep it deep and low to make it harder for your opponent to attack.

In doubles matches, communication and teamwork are crucial. Coordinate with your partner, strategize your movements on the court, and take advantage of the different angles and opportunities that arise. Work together to cover more ground and confuse your opponents.

Lastly, always be aware of your opponent’s strengths and weaknesses. Observe their playing style and adjust your strategy accordingly. Exploit their weaknesses and play to your own strengths.

Serving and Returning:


Think of serving as your opportunity to kick-start the point and gain an advantage. When serving, you stand behind the baseline and hit the ball diagonally into the opposite service box. It’s like your power move!

When serving, focus on a few key things.

  • First, get that ball toss just right.
  • Toss it up slightly in front of you and at a comfortable height.

As you swing your racket, give it your all and aim to hit the ball with a nice, solid contact. You can go for different types of serves like a flat serve, slice, or kick serve, each with its own unique trajectory and spin.

Returning the serve:

This is when your opponent serves the ball, and it’s your turn to hit it back. The goal here is to keep the ball in play and put pressure on your opponent.

Focus on timing and anticipation. Watch your opponent’s toss and their racket swing to get a sense of where the ball is headed. Get into position early and be ready to move your feet and adjust quickly.

You can opt for different return strategies. Some players prefer to hit aggressive returns, aiming to take control of the point right from the start. Others go for more defensive returns, focusing on keeping the ball deep and neutralizing the serve.

Practice and Training:

Consistency is essential, make a schedule and stick to it. Set aside dedicated practice time each week to work on your game.

It’s better to have shorter practice sessions more frequently than long sessions once in a while. This helps you build muscle memory and develop a consistent rhythm.

When you practice, focus on specific areas of your game. Break it down into different components like forehand, backhand, volleys, or serves. Spend time on each aspect, working on your technique and refining your skills. Mix it up and challenge yourself with various drills and exercises to keep things interesting.

Don’t forget to warm up before you start practicing. Do some light stretching, jog around the court, or engage in dynamic movements to prepare your body for the workout.

Another great tip is to practice with a purpose. Set specific goals for each practice session. It could be improving your accuracy, increasing your speed, or perfecting a particular stroke.

Don’t forget to play practice matches or find a hitting partner. This allows you to apply your skills in a real game-like situation and work on your strategy and decision-making.

Consider seeking guidance from a coach or taking lessons. A qualified coach can provide valuable feedback, help you identify areas for improvement, and provide structured training programs. They can also teach you advanced techniques and strategies to take your game to the next level.

Lastly, enjoy the process! Tennis is a game that should bring joy and excitement. Embrace the challenges, celebrate small victories, and have fun while practicing.


Learn the basics, essential equipment, strokes, and strategies to get you started. Whether you’re aiming to play competitively or simply enjoy the sport, this guide will have you serving and rallying like a pro in no time.

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